Bronchial asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the upper airways. Sometimes it is treated with: The prevalence of allergic bronchial asthma is about 6%. The huge number of undetected forms of the disease is very alarming. As a rule, these are mild forms of bronchial asthma, which can hide under the diagnosis of “obstructive bronchitis” or simply “chronic bronchitis. Heredity plays an important role in the development of allergic bronchial asthma. Factors contributing to allergic bronchial asthma can include the presence of foci of chronic infection (or frequent infectious diseases) in the respiratory tract, unfavorable environment, occupational hazards, smoking, including passive smoking, prolonged use of several medications. And also to the triggering factors include prolonged contact with aggressive allergens, such as living in an apartment whose walls are affected by mold fungus. Atopic bronchial asthma is an allergic disease, in the exacerbation of which contact with allergens plays the leading role. Most often the disease is caused by airborne allergens: household (different types of house dust mites, house dust, library dust, pillow feathers), pollen, epidermal (animal hair and dander, bird feathers, fish food, etc.), fungal. Food allergies as a cause of bronchial asthma are extremely rare, but also possible. The main symptoms of bronchial asthma: attacks of difficulty in breathing, choking, a feeling of wheezing or whistling in the chest. The wheezing may increase with deep breathing. A common sign is an attack-like cough, often dry or with a small clump of light-colored sputum at the end of the attack. An attack-like dry cough may be the only sign of allergic bronchial asthma. Exacerbations (or choking) can occur at any time of the day, but “classic” episodes are nighttime, for childhood, attacks occur after intense physical activity. Our medical center has wonderful specialists – allergists-immunologists and pulmonologists, who are engaged in the treatment of atopic bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma is a fairly common disease, so the milder forms are usually treated by internists or pediatricians (depending on the age of the patient). Still, it is better to go straight to a specialist. The most important component in the examination of a patient with bronchial asthma is to identify those allergens, contact with which causes allergic inflammation. Diagnostics includes such methods as: skin diagnostic allergic tests; allergic anamnesis (i.e. patient’s story, when it first happened – choking, shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing); provocation breath tests, according to indications with antigens, which were revealed by skin testing; detection of total immunoglobulin E level in blood serum; peripheral blood analysis, sputum analysis from bronchi and from nose. The diagnosis of food allergies is particularly difficult in the case of the disease. The results of collecting information about food intolerance do not relate to reliable criteria. Primary prevention involves observing and maintaining a normal healthy lifestyle. It will be better if you cook on your own. Try to avoid jobs that put you in contact with dust and harmful volatile compounds for long periods of time. Movement and fresh air should be your main companions. Eliminate forever an addiction like smoking. Secondary prevention is aimed at people who are prone to allergies. Particular sensitivity to household dust should be a cautionary factor. Dry cleaning of furniture, change of bed linen and airing of the room should be done in the absence of the person. It is easier for people prone to allergies in winter, because of the absence of dust during this period, but in summer it is a real ordeal. It is desirable to wear a gauze bandage, and constantly wet it. It would be appropriate not to have pets and to get rid of carpets forever. The treatment of this disease should be comprehensive and include the following measures: removal of all active allergens from the patient’s place of residence and cessation of any contact with them, drug therapy. It depends entirely on the stage of the disease. Patients are mostly advised to use expectorants and bronchodilators, hypoallergenic diet and anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy procedures, such as hardening, exercise therapy, reflexotherapy and aeroion therapy, and of course, spa treatment!